Fossil Fuels And Alternative Energy

 

Use FLUENT to resolve the developing flow in a pipe (same configuration as was done in class) for a pipe Reynolds number of 10,000 on the following meshes: 100×5, 100×20 with uniform spacing in the radial direction. Plot the skin friction cf as a function of axial location for each grid. Compare the exit value with the expected value for fully developed flow (e.g., see White pgs. 345-346). Recall that a key question for the integrity of the mesh is the non-dimensional value of the first nodal point:

This should be either less than 4 (so that you resolve down into the viscous sublayer) or greater than 30 (where wall functions can accurately compensate for the poorly resolved viscous sublayer). Intermediate values can lead to greater errors. Calculate the value of y1+ for each mesh; use that to help explain (briefly) the trends in the agreement that you observe.
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Fossil Fuels And Alternative Energy