inflectional and derivational morphemes
Part 1: short essay questions (64 pts.)
Explain in full sentences and provide examples where required or meaningful. (8 pts. each)
1) List and illustrate with examples the differences between inflectional and derivational
3″) Explain and describe the relationship between the signifier and signified, the referent and the
sign. How does arbitrariness come into play?
3) Consider the word “blonde.”
What are its denotation and connotation(s)? Compare and contrast these notions.
4) What is “disambiguation”? How is it related to the meaning of sentences?
5) Consider the sentence “Al and Peggy are married.”
Give one example each for a presupposition, an inference, and an implicature of it, and
explain these concepts.
[The whole exercise is open book, but you’ll definitely need to consult the book for these 3:]
6) What kind of speech act is the utterance “Can you pass the salt?” What are the locutionary,
illocutionary, and perlocutionary forces?
7) Explain the Principle of Cooperation and how it makes communication possible and
8) Provide and example of “flouting” the cooperative principle and explain why it is flouting,
not outright cooperation, not outright violation.
Part 2: short definitions and examples (18 pts.) Part 3: examples (18 pts.)
Very briefly define six (not all eight) of the Give one example for nine (not all 14) of the
following concepts, short feature lists are following. (2 pts. each)
ok. (3 pts. each)
1) voiceless fricative
1) phoneme 2) embedding
2) synchronic approach 3) prescriptivism
3) transformation 4) minimal pair
4) initiation, response, evaluation 5) adjacency pair
5) subordination (including a phrase 6) calque
structure rule) 7) phrasal Verb
6) metaphor 8) alveolar liquid
7) falsifiability 9) front Vowel
8) recursiveness 10) diphthong
l 1) onomatopoeia
12) semantic feature of “boy”
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