Psychosocial Development: Exploring Erickson
Erik Erickson was an influential psychologist who studied under Sigmund Freud’s daughter, Anna Freud.
Erikson’s views on development differed from Freud’s focus on psychosexual stages. Instead, Erikson postulated that humans progressed through eight psychosocial stages, including learning trust, developing autonomy, and gaining competence. According to Erikson, each stage was marked by a conflict. Resolution of the conflict enabled successful progress to the next stage. As you peruse Erikson’s psychosocial stages, consider the current stage of psychosocial development in which you find yourself.
For this Application Assignment, you describe elements of Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory and apply them to behaviors exhibited by individuals. You develop an argument for or against the validity of the theory, based upon your own experience.
To prepare for this Assignment:
•Review Chapter 3, “Human Development,” in your course text.
•In Chapter 3, focus on the section entitled, “The Story of a Lifetime—Rocky Road or Garden Path?” This section describes Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development.
•Think about ways in which your life experiences compare with Erickson’s stages.
•Consider whether you accept Erikson’s stages as valid representations of human development over the life span.
The Assignment (2–3 pages)
In a 2- to 3-page paper, respond to the following prompts:
•Identify the eight stages of psychosocial development, and provide a global overview of the stages.
•Identify the critical psychosocial dilemma faced in each stage.
In a 2- to 3-page paper, respond to the following prompts:
•Identify the eight stages of psychosocial development, and provide a global overview of the stages.
•Identify the critical psychosocial dilemma faced in each stage.
•For each stage’s dilemma, describe a specific behavior (either of an individual or parents of an individual) that would likely result in a successful outcome. Describe a specific behavior that could contribute to an unsuccessful outcome of that stage.
•Present an argument on the validity of Erikson’s psychosocial stages in terms of your life. Refer generally to your own experiences (that is, without revealing intimate, personal details). Explain whether you think the stages are relevant. Justify your response.
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Psychosocial Development: Exploring Erickson